Scientific confidence

A 1568 drawing of a geocentric solar system by Bartolomeu Velho
Source: Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

Do you remember when the Sun revolved around the Earth? Probably not, because it never did.

But until Copernicus published his evidence-based theory that the Sun is at the center of the solar system (heliocentrism), most people thought the planets revolved around the Earth. In the centuries after Copernicus announced his theory, Kepler, Galileo, and other astronomers confirmed and expanded the theory of heliocentrism.

Our current scientific understanding of the world is the result of centuries of human collaboration, creativity, accomplishments, and even mistakes. As we continue to learn about the world and develop better tools and technology to study it, sometimes we must revise and expand on old knowledge.

Recently, the scientific community has been paying a lot of attention to how we choose what science is most important, how we make sure scientists are reporting their results accurately, and how those results are communicated. This collection contains resources related to the reproducibility of scientific studies, the effectiveness of peer review as a way to award grant money, and other issues of the production and communication of scientific knowledge.

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