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Biological Shape Shifters of the Plant World
Leaf Shape Evolution Through Duplication, Regulatory Diversification, and Loss of a Homeobox Gene.  Vlad et al.
 
Why do different species look different?  The full answer generally involves complicated interactions of many genes, but some particular differences can be traced to a single gene or a single region of the...

annotations posted 05/15/2015
original paper published 02/14/2014

Biological The original GPS: how we remember what happened where
Neural Activity in Human Hippocampal Formation Reveals the Spatial Context of Retrieved Memories.  Miller et al
 
Think about your childhood best friend. Do you remember when you first met? You might remember that you sat next to each other in class or in the lunchroom, or that you shared an interest in the same hobby, like riding bikes. If you went to the...

annotations posted 05/01/2015
original paper published 03/20/2015

Biological Take more naps, become more attractive!
A Critical Period of Sleep for Development of Courtship Circuitry and Behavior in Drosophila.  Kayser et al.
 
In most animals, babies sleep more than adults. This is true in humans, mice, and even all the way down to fruit flies (Drosophila). The authors of this paper discovered that the reason newborn flies sleep more than adults is because they...

annotations posted 04/17/2015
original paper published 03/20/2015

Biological Overcrowding in neuronal synapses
Composition of isolated synaptic boutons reveals the amounts of vesicle trafficking proteins. Wilhelm et al.
 
Sometimes we think of the brain as a large biocomputer, taking in information from our senses and sending commands to our body in return. But how does information get from one part of the brain to the other? Neurons pass electrical signals...

annotations posted 04/03/2015
original paper published 05/30/2014

Biological How did dogs become our best friend?
Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Ancient Canids Suggest a European Origin of Domestic Dogs.  Thalmann et al.
 
At some point in our lives, we have all had a friendship with a dog.  So did the generations before us, as well as the generation before them.  When, exactly, did the friendship between dogs and humans take shape?  Research in this paper...

annotations posted 03/20/2015
original paper published 11/15/2013

Biological Are gut microbes controlling your weight?
Gut Microbiota from Twins Discordant for Obesity Modulate Metabolism in Mice. Ridaura et al.
 
Every human body is home to 10 times more bacterial cells than human cells. How much...

annotations posted 03/06/2015
original paper published 09/06/2013

Biological Budding yeast cells turn back the clock
Gametogenesis Eliminates Age-Induced Cellular Damage and Resets Life Span in Yeast. Elçin Ünal et al.
 
The process by which rejuvenation occurs in new generations has long interested biologists and vexed fairytale stepmothers....

annotations posted 02/20/2015
original paper published 06/24/2011

Biological One RING to fool them all: shedding light on BRCA1 mutations
BRCA1 Tumor Suppression Depends on BRCT Phosphoprotein Binding, But Not Its E3 Ligase Activity. Shakya et al.
 
Inherited mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are associated with a markedly...

annotations posted 02/06/2015
original paper published 10/28/2011

Biological Fussy about filaments
Actin Network Architecture Can Determine Myosin Motor Activity. Reymann et al.
 
Living organisms’ ability to move around is essential to survival. In living cells, this ability to move is highly dependent on the cytoskeleton, and specifically, the contractive force generated by...

annotations posted 01/23/2015
original paper published 06/08/2012

Biological Lights, motor neurons, and muscle action!
Optical Control of Muscle Function by Transplantation of Stem Cell–Derived Motor Neurons in Mice. Bryson et al.
 
After nerve injury or neurodegenerative disease, patients suffer paralysis and loss of muscle mass due to limited neuron regeneration. Major obstacles to restoring...

annotations posted 01/09/2015
original paper published 04/04/2014

Pages

Biological Shape Shifters of the Plant World
Leaf Shape Evolution Through Duplication, Regulatory Diversification, and Loss of a Homeobox Gene.  Vlad et al.
 
Why do different species look different?  The full answer generally involves complicated interactions of many genes, but some particular differences can be traced to a single gene or a single region of the...

annotations posted 05/15/2015
original paper published 02/14/2014

Biological The original GPS: how we remember what happened where
Neural Activity in Human Hippocampal Formation Reveals the Spatial Context of Retrieved Memories.  Miller et al
 
Think about your childhood best friend. Do you remember when you first met? You might remember that you sat next to each other in class or in the lunchroom, or that you shared an interest in the same hobby, like riding bikes. If you went to the...

annotations posted 05/01/2015
original paper published 03/20/2015

Biological Take more naps, become more attractive!
A Critical Period of Sleep for Development of Courtship Circuitry and Behavior in Drosophila.  Kayser et al.
 
In most animals, babies sleep more than adults. This is true in humans, mice, and even all the way down to fruit flies (Drosophila). The authors of this paper discovered that the reason newborn flies sleep more than adults is because they...

annotations posted 04/17/2015
original paper published 03/20/2015

Biological Overcrowding in neuronal synapses
Composition of isolated synaptic boutons reveals the amounts of vesicle trafficking proteins. Wilhelm et al.
 
Sometimes we think of the brain as a large biocomputer, taking in information from our senses and sending commands to our body in return. But how does information get from one part of the brain to the other? Neurons pass electrical signals...

annotations posted 04/03/2015
original paper published 05/30/2014

Biological How did dogs become our best friend?
Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Ancient Canids Suggest a European Origin of Domestic Dogs.  Thalmann et al.
 
At some point in our lives, we have all had a friendship with a dog.  So did the generations before us, as well as the generation before them.  When, exactly, did the friendship between dogs and humans take shape?  Research in this paper...

annotations posted 03/20/2015
original paper published 11/15/2013

Biological Are gut microbes controlling your weight?
Gut Microbiota from Twins Discordant for Obesity Modulate Metabolism in Mice. Ridaura et al.
 
Every human body is home to 10 times more bacterial cells than human cells. How much...

annotations posted 03/06/2015
original paper published 09/06/2013

Biological Budding yeast cells turn back the clock
Gametogenesis Eliminates Age-Induced Cellular Damage and Resets Life Span in Yeast. Elçin Ünal et al.
 
The process by which rejuvenation occurs in new generations has long interested biologists and vexed fairytale stepmothers....

annotations posted 02/20/2015
original paper published 06/24/2011

Biological One RING to fool them all: shedding light on BRCA1 mutations
BRCA1 Tumor Suppression Depends on BRCT Phosphoprotein Binding, But Not Its E3 Ligase Activity. Shakya et al.
 
Inherited mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are associated with a markedly...

annotations posted 02/06/2015
original paper published 10/28/2011

Biological Fussy about filaments
Actin Network Architecture Can Determine Myosin Motor Activity. Reymann et al.
 
Living organisms’ ability to move around is essential to survival. In living cells, this ability to move is highly dependent on the cytoskeleton, and specifically, the contractive force generated by...

annotations posted 01/23/2015
original paper published 06/08/2012

Biological Lights, motor neurons, and muscle action!
Optical Control of Muscle Function by Transplantation of Stem Cell–Derived Motor Neurons in Mice. Bryson et al.
 
After nerve injury or neurodegenerative disease, patients suffer paralysis and loss of muscle mass due to limited neuron regeneration. Major obstacles to restoring...

annotations posted 01/09/2015
original paper published 04/04/2014

Pages